Pushkar is a sacred town for the Hindus, situated 11 kms. to the North-West of Ajmer. The charm of this sleepy, lakeside settlement so captivated the great Indian poet, Kalidas,that it found a place in his classic, Abhigyan Sakuntalam. The Great Hindu epics of Mahabharat and Ramayana make references to this religious place regarded to be Adi Tiratha. Evidence points to its having existed during the fourth century B.C. lake in the inhospitable surroundings of a desert is no less than a miracle. The legend about the Creator God, Bramha describes the creation of this lake. When the demon Vajra Nabhakilled Brahmas children, he in turn struck him with his weapon, a lotus flower. Vajra Nabha died with the impact, and the petals of the lotus fell at three places. One of them is Pushkar, where a lake sprung into being. Brahma is supposed to have performed sacrifice at this lake on Kartik Purnima (the full moon day of the Kartik month), hallowing the place. Sacred to Brahma, Pushkar boasts of its temple dedicated to him, which is the only one of its kind in the world. A dip in the waters of Pushkar and worship at his temple ensure salvation. So thousands flock to Pushkar to observe the ritual on kartik Purnima, or on any of the four days preceding it. Pushkar boasts temples, though few are as ancient as you might expect at such an important pilgrimage site, since many were destroyed by Aurangzeb, a Mogul ruler and subsequently rebuilt. The most famous is the Brahma Temple, said to be the only temple in the world dedicated to this deity. It stands on a high plinth with the Marble steps leading up to it. A silver turtle is set on the floor facing the Sanctum-Sanctorum or Girbha-griha. Around the turtle the Marble floor is inset with hundreds of silver coins. Coins engraved with donors names are also embedded in the walls. Peacocks adorn the temple walls as they are supposed to be the vehicle of lord Brahmas consort Saraswati. A small image of the milkmaid Gayatri, flanks the four-faced image of lord Brahma and is called Chaumurti The sanctuary has silver doors inside a carved marble gateway.
The one-hour trek up to the hilltop Savitri Temple overlooking the lake is best made early in the morning; the view is magical.
Originally built in the 12th century, Varah Temple was, like many others, destroyed by the bigoted Emperor Aurangzeb (who, it is said , was particularly upset by the huge idol here of Varah, the god with the body of a man and the head of the boar.) Reconstructed BY Raja Sawai Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1727, the temple has an interesting and richly ornamented image house.
A Beautiful temple built in the 19th century, it was described by a British traveler of the time as "by far the most remarkable, for the elegance of its structure and the nature of its ornaments, of all the temples Pushkar boasts of." It is also noteworthy for its white marble Mahadeva image, with its five faces (and its traditional tufts of hair).
One of Pushkars largest and most intricate temples, the Ramavaikunth Temple was built in the 1920s and has beautifully sculpted images of no less than 361 different deities. The ornate outer gopuram over the entrance is said to have been built by a team of masons specially brought here from south India.
LAKE AND ITS MANY GHATS
Many Ghats run down to the Holy Lake where pilgrimsare constantly bathing in the holy waters. Joining people at the ghats has to be with some respect for their culture and privacy. And for this reason, removing shoes before approaching the ghats, no smoking and restraining from photographing bathing people is well avoided. The Pilgrims here are sensitive about comments by non-Hindus. The famed waters of the Pushkar lake wash away the sins of a lifetime. The mystical water is also believed to cure skin diseases, making Pushkar the Lourdes of the East.
HISTORY OF PUSHKAR
Pushkar has a rich historical and cultural heritage. The history of Pushkar cites its importance and significance down the ages of the history of India. Pushkar is situated in the state of Rajasthan in India. Famous for the annual cattle fair, which draws an enormous amount of traders and tourists, Pushkar is a great place for travel. The Pushkar lake and the temples of Pushkar are revered among religious pilgrims. Legend has it that the lake in Pushkar was created from the petals of a lotus flower which fell from the hand of Lord Brahma. Brahma is the residing deity in Pushkar and has a temple dedicated to him. The Brahma Temple in Pushkar is one of its kind in India. The legendary significance makes the lake of Pushkar an immensely holy place for pilgrims. The city of Pushkar is also closely associated with the times of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. In later times, Pushkar was an important place of rule during the reign of the Mughal empire in India. It was the favored place of residence of many important Mughal rulers. Later Pushkar was annexed by the British empire, and it became one of the very few states in Rajasthan to be ruled directly by the British, the rest being princely states. Therefore, the history of Pushkar speaks of its consistent importance and significance. It still is an important place in Rajasthan, India, and receives a large number of tourists and religious pilgrims every year.
Pushkar is a city in Rajasthan, India. It is an important city and has a great historical and cultural tradition. Pushkar location is important as the city is most well known for its lake, and the annual cattle fair help in Pushkar which brings a huge number of cattle traders and tourists to the city. Pushkar is situated in Rajasthan, in the western regions of India. The region is mainly dry and arid, with deserts dominating te landscape. Pushkar and the surrounding areas are calm and tranquil. The lake in Pushkar has many legendary and historical events associated with it. The place hosts an annual cattle fair, which is a great attraction for both traders and tourists, both of whom flock into Pushkar in large amounts. Pushkar is situated at the latitude of 26.5° north and the longitude of 74.55° east. The average elevation of Pushkar is around 500 meters above sea level. The location of Pushkar is strategically placed. It lies 11 kilometers to the north west of another important city in Rajasthan, Ajmer. This proximity makes for easy access for tourists and pilgrims. Since tourism is an important activity in Pushkar, the accessibility is taken care of, with a good network of roads and fast and efficient transportation service. The nearest airport is at Jaipur. Pushkar is also well-connected by railway. There are numerous trains coming in from Jodhpur, Delhi, Ajmer, Ahmedabad and Agra. Direct bus services from all these cities are also available. Thus the location of Pushkar makes it easily accessible to tourists from different parts of India